As we have seen, a representative example of Riccati matrix inequalities encountered in robust control is

(this is (7.26) with ). Similar Riccati inequalities arise in the context of several other control problems. The inequality (7.30) is quadratic in the matrix variable . However, it can be shown to be equivalent to the

The matrix on the left-hand side of (7.31) is called the

Being convex feasibility problems, LMIs can be efficiently solved by known numerical algorithms from convex optimization. Several dedicated software packages exist for solving LMIs. This makes conditions expressed in terms of LMIs attractive from the computational point of view.